VIX API allows users to automate the management of VMs, such as APIs used to start/stop VMs. It supports most products from VMware, including Player, Sever, Workstation, Fusion and vSphere (though VIX API is deprecated as there is a vSphere API).
After VIX API is installed, you will have a powerful command – vmrun, which leverages the powerful VIX API to provide a similar command line interface for VMware-based VMs, like virsh for KVM.
Take VMware Player and its VMs for example:
Start the VM without GUI
vmrun -T player start “path/to/yourVM.vmx” nogui
1.Start the VM
vmrun -T player start "path/to/yourVM.vmx"
2.Stop the VM
vmrun -T player stop "path/to/yourVM.vmx" vmrun -T player stop "path/to/yourVM.vmx" soft vmrun -T player stop "path/to/yourVM.vmx" hard
3.List all possible commands supported by vmrun
If you want to control VMs in VMware Workstation, you need change “player” to “ws”, like:
vmrun -T ws start "path/to/yourVM.vmx" nogui
Issues with vmrun nogui
Once you start VM with nogui and login the VM, you may find
top/ls do not work normally. The same case happens if you try to compile the kernel (make menuconfig). Adding the fix into .profile helps.
# top ‘xterm-256color’: unknown terminal type. add "export TERM=xterm" into .profile